20 Important Things To Do After Installing Linux Mint
I just reinstalled Linux Mint and wrote down all of the first things I did immediately after the installation process. Some of these are for convenience, some for speed and performance, some for function, and some just for fun!
I highly recommend Linux Mint. If you haven’t used this operating system, or even Linux in general – this is a good place to start. Download the .iso, install it, and open up the terminal. Ctrl – Alt – T. From there copy and paste the text following the “$” symbol (as you will see that in the terminal screen).
First – Upgrade System:
$ sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade && apt-get dist-upgrade
Install wallpapers from previous versions.
$ sudo apt-get install mint-backgrounds-*
Install Dropbox For Linux Mint
$ sudo apt-get install dropbox python-gpgme
Install Bleachbit to clear unused temporary files:
$ sudo apt-get install bleachbit
Install RAR and ZIP
To be able to create rar archives and manage zip files:
$ sudo apt-get install unace p7zip-rar sharutils rar arj lunzip lzip
Install a clipboard manager
Clipboard managers allow you to save a history list of copied text. Clipit and Glipper worked very well. You can install either:
$ sudo apt-get install glipper
$ sudo apt-get install clipit
Fix The Date Displayed
In the bottom right show the date as well as 12 hour clock format. Right click the date-time applet on the bottom right and click Configure
Check the box labelled “Use a custom date format” and fill in the following:
%B %e, %I:%M %p
Strategy game like age of empires:
$ aptitude search 0ad
Supertuxkart – car racing game:
$ aptitude search supertuxkart
Openarena shooting game:
$ aptitude search openarena
Uget download manager
Uget is a simple and robust cross platform download manager and works very well on Linux.
$ sudo apt-get install uget
Deluge BitTorrent client
Linux Mint comes with a simple and efficient torrent client:
$ sudo apt-get install deluge-torrent
Hardinfo – System Information Tool
Hardinfo supplies you with information about your system hardware. You can check information about processor, memory, storage device, network configuration, printers, usb devices, sound/video adapters etc:
$ sudo apt-get install hardinfo
TLP For Overheating and Battery
TLP is a power management tool for Linux which can help with overheating and battery life:
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:linrunner/tlp
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install tlp tlp-rdw
$ sudo tlp start
Install Multimedia Codecs
The restricted extras package will install most of the essential codecs for playing formats like mp3.
$ sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
To enable playback of encrypted dvds, install the following:
$ sudo apt-get install libdvdread4
$ sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/install-css.sh
Install Apache, MySQL, PHP:
This will enable you to turn your computer into a web server.
$ sudo apt-get install lamp-server^
In order to manage MySQL databases visually you need PHPMyAdmin
$ sudo apt-get install phpmyadmin
If you are getting any error page like “Page not found”. Add the below line in /etc/apache2/apache2.conf file.
and restart apache service
$ sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
Install Flash For Mint Browser:
$ sudo apt-get install flashplugin-installer
This program will allow you to install some windows based programs:
$ sudo apt-get install wine
Swappiness Memory Setting:
When Mint uses the swap memory too much, the computer slows down a lot. The lower the setting number, the longer it takes before Mint starts using the swap. On a scale of 0-100, the default setting is 60 which is too high for some computers.
a. Check your current swappiness setting:
$ cat /proc/sys/vm/swappiness
The result will probably be 60.
b. Make sure that you have installed the applications gksu and leafpad:
$ sudo apt-get install gksu leafpad
c. To change the swappiness to a different setting:
gksudo leafpad /etc/sysctl.conf
Scroll to the bottom of the text file and add the following two lines in order to override the default swappiness of 60:
# Decrease swap usage to a more reasonable level
d. Save and close the text file. Then reboot your computer.
Install MATE desktop environment
Another popular desktop environment to try if you want.
$ sudo apt-get install mint-meta-mate
Conky is a system monitor that displays your computer statistics such as cpu, memory, network:
$ sudo apt-add-repository -y ppa:teejee2008/ppa
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install conky-manager
After everything, cleanup the system by removing unnecessary packages.
$ sudo apt-get autoremove